The Importance of Contraception

Taking birth control lightly is not an option. Not only does it prevent unwanted pregnancies, but it also fights against various types of STDs and diseases.

Birth control options are available for both men and women.

Contraceptives have been available for a long time. In ancient times, however, the so-called birth control methods have caused more damage than good.

Now- days, however, the methods are all tested and safe.

Several people resist contraceptives due to various reasons. These reasons may be ignorance, cultural factors, religion factors, and many more.

People living in rural areas may be unaware of birth control methods. These result in a dramatic increase in population and decline in the female health. The children that are born might also carry some congenital disorders.

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Experts and doctors have devised a number of safe and effective methods of contraception. These are:

Hormonal Pills

These methods are usually only applied to women. They require you to take oral pills, get implants, or any other way of ingesting external hormones to influence your body cycle.

Although hormonal pills for men are also being developed and tested, they have not hit the market. The hormones that are included in birth control pills include progesterone and estrogen.

The pill may contain either one of the two or a combination of both. If you are considering starting birth control pills, you should consult a doctor first. Only they will be able to advise you correctly about what type of pill to take.

The effectiveness of pills depends on the punctuality of the user to take them regularly. These pills work by preventing ovulation. However, these pills do not do anything to prevent AIDS and other diseases.

There are various other advantages of taking combined hormonal pills. They reduce the risk of various types of cancers, such as endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, breast cancer, etc.

It also helps with the various pains and symptoms associated with menstruation. You can quit taking the pills after any cycle you want. There is absolutely no side effect of quitting.

These pills also have no known effect on the libido of the woman.

Barrier Methods

These methods are very common and used largely even in developing countries. They include

  • Male condoms
  • Female condoms
  • Caps
  • Diaphragms
  • Sponges, etc.

These options are available for both men and woman. They are a little less effective as compared to hormonal pills. The advantage of this method includes the prevention of certain diseases.

These methods usually work by preventing the sperm from entering the uterus. Failure of the method can occur only if there is some tearing of the condom or damage of any kind.

Sponges have spermicides in them, which have to be inserted into the female organ before intercourse. You need to remove the sponge as soon as the activity is over.

If you do not do so, this can cause toxic shock syndrome. Allergic reactions can also be developed to other kinds of barrier methods.

Sterilization

This is a permanent and irreversible method of contraception. This should only be considered by a couple when they are sure that they do not want to have children anymore.

Although sometimes the process is revered naturally, this is not usually the case. Sterilization is available both for men and women.

For men, they can have a vasectomy. Tube ligation is available for women.

There are hardly any side effects to this process of contraception. In fact, it even reduces the risk of certain long-term problems such as cancer, tumors, etc.

However, it is important to note that this method does not provide any protection against sexually transmitted diseases.

Many people try to have children even after they get sterilized. The process has known to be reversible in a few cases, but the risks get even bigger.

Intrauterine Devices

These devices are placed inside a woman’s uterus. This device is usually T-shaped and used for long term contraception.

It is known to be one of the most effective birth control methods available.

The newer models of IUD are very safe to use. They do not cause any known side effects and do not affect fertility in any way after removal.

Some side effects of the previous model include painful menstruation, menopause, perforation of the uterus, infections, etc.

Awareness of The Cycle

This method is just based on the fact that ovulation occurs on about the fourteenth day of the cycle.

The key is to avoid unprotected sex during this time. Barrier methods can be used during this time, or sex may be avoided altogether.

This method is just plain careless and often results in unwanted pregnancies. Not all women have their cycles perfectly synchronized. Ovulation doesn’t always occur on time.

Also, if the couple is practicing unprotected sex before the ovulation period, pregnancy can still occur. This is because the sperm is a resilient bodily fluid and can stay active in the uterus for over seven days.

Abstinence

If you simply refrain from engaging in sexual activities, then no pregnancy can occur, and no infections can be transferred.

Abstinence groups generally try to get youngsters to stay away from sexual activities.

This strategy does not generally work. What works better is educating youngsters about the effects of unprotected sex and the proper use of contraceptives.

Withdrawing

This is also one of the most frequently used methods of contraception. This too is an utterly useless concept. The male partner has to withdraw before ejaculation occurs.

However, pregnancy can still occur because of the pre-ejaculation fluid, which too consists of traces of sperms.